history of herbs
use of plants for medicinal purposes is as old as civilization,
and the first known written record of curative plants was from a
Sumerian herbal of 2200 BC. The Greek doctor Hippocrates listed
some 400 herbs in common use in the 5th century BC, and
Dioscorides, in the first century AD, wrote a herbal using 600
plants which became the basis for many later works. One of the
most popular herbals ever was written by Culpeper in the
the Dark Ages, superstition combined with ignorance bestowed
magical properties on plants, sometimes with minimal reason, and
elaborate rituals were devised to preserve the mystery and magic.
has also been aware of the effects of scent on the body, mind and
emotion from the beginning of civilization. Flowers were utilized
to attract love, food and protection. Fragrant plants were worn to
heal the body. The most costly flowers were offered to gods and
goddesses as sacrifices, and the use of aromatic incense is
recorded from the earliest of times.
from antiquity to modern times, different cultures have found
common as well as diverse uses for herbs and oils, and the myths,
legends, folklore and medicines reflect these knowledges.